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Wood Species

Wood comes in host of species. Following are some of the most common flooring species used in the United States. Considerations for a specific species will be appearance, character, hardness (durability), application and cost.

White Oak

White Oak is our most commonly used species given its desirable mix of durability, performance and appearance. Our domestic white oak comes from Pennsylvania forests and consists primarily of the most sought after and trusted species, Quercus Alba, and includes no sub species. You can create a custom floor or other wood product from the highest quality material available. We also offer European White Oak which tends to be popular in our prefinished engineered collections.

Red Oak

Although known mostly as a commodity product, our Red Oak is as custom as our white oak option. Sourced from thriving, healthy Pennsylvanian forests, we provide options in cut, character, width and finish to make magnificent products from our Red Oak. This classic American hardwood, Quercus Rubra, has beautiful, tight grain patterns.


With its exceptional durability and striking appearance, Hickory (Carya) makes a beautiful finished product with warm cocoa hues and contrasting streaks of white sap wood that can be culled or stained to minimize or given a natural finish to expose the natural dramatic beauty of it. Our Hickory is expertly chosen and graded by the finest sawyers in the country. It is a versatile species that is available in varying levels of character, width, construction and finish. It is one of nature’s toughest woods.

Australian Cypress

Known for its durability and hardness, Australian Cypress is a rustic choice with is varying tones from cream to honey and frequent dark knots and tight grain pattern.


The same species used in professional baseball bats can be used to make a beautiful and durable floor. Ash has varying tones from blonde to nutty brown and stains very nicely. Given a natural finish, it is sure to brighten up the space around it. The wood is white and quite dense, strong, and straight-grained with a coarse texture.


Another durable option, Birch has a fairly straight grain pattern with occasional waves and varies from pale yellow to light reddish-brown.


Cherry (Prunus Serotina) from Pennsylvania is known throughout the world for its quality and value. Cherry floors create a warm inviting atmosphere in your home with its unique, radiant auburn hues that will darken as it ages. Its heartwood varies in color from rich red to reddish brown contrasted by its creamy white sapwood. Available in varying grades to incorporate or eliminate sapwood.


Hard Maple (Acer Saccharum) is famous for its maple syrup and stunning leaves display of color in the fall. It favors the cold weather and is typically in North Eastern part of the US. Maple is very light in color as the white sapwood is what is used for flooring. Maple has a very close grain. Given its hardness, it is also the prime choice for sports floors and in high traffic commercial buildings.


We source Eastern White Pine from local New Hampshire forests for their quality and ability to get the longest and widest planks from properly grown New England trees. Eastern White Pine flooring features a smooth grain and beautiful knots, with versatile finish capabilities. Although Pine is a soft wood, it is still a reliable and durable product for your project.


Beech (Fagus Grandifolia) creates a very attractive, vanilla floor with a light tone that is strong and durable. It has a very uniform appearance with subtle straight grain and close uniform texture.


Black Walnut (Juglans Nigra) is one of the most valuable and beautiful native trees in our Pennsylvania forests. The remarkable strength, variety of grain, figure and coloring of this wood has made it very popular though out history. It matures to a rich warm dark brown color with the option to include it’s creamy white sapwood. Its wavy grain produces attractive and decorative figure with great movement and it is a tough hardwood with medium density.